Bernard Sanders (born September 8, 1941) is an American politician, activist and political scientist. Listen to a free Bernie Sanders audiobook: https://www.amazon.com/gp/search?ie=UTF8&tag=tra0c7-20&linkCode=ur2&linkId=049a7460b427c393934f983b4ac9c7f9&camp=1789&creative=9325&index=books&keywords=bernie%20sanders%20audiobook
With Huck Gutman, Outsider in the White House. London: Verso Books. 2015 . https://amzn.to/39hmIhc
In Robert McChesney; Russell Newman; Ben Scott, eds. (2005). “Why Americans Should Take Back the Media”. The Future of Media: Resistance and Reform in the 21st Century. Seven Stories Press. https://amzn.to/2VRvLlZ
The Speech: A Historic Filibuster on Corporate Greed and the Decline of Our Middle Class. New York: Bold Type Books. 2015 . https://amzn.to/3ExBv5Y
Our Revolution: A Future to Believe In. Thomas Dunne Books. 2016. https://amzn.to/39gr5sN
Bernie Sanders Guide to Political Revolution. Henry Holt and Company. 2017. https://amzn.to/39lDqMc
Where We Go from Here: Two Years in the Resistance. Gale. 2018. https://amzn.to/3EEi7Er
A self-described “democratic socialist”, Sanders is a progressive who admires the Nordic model of social democracy and has been a proponent of workplace democracy. He advocates for universal and single-payer healthcare, paid parental leave, as well as tuition-free tertiary education. He supports lowering the cost of drugs by reforming patent laws to allow cheaper generic versions to be sold in the U.S. He supported the Affordable Care Act, though he said it did not go far enough. In November 2015, he gave a speech at Georgetown University about his view of democratic socialism, including its place in the policies of presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt and Lyndon B. Johnson. In defining what democratic socialism means to him, Sanders said: “I don’t believe government should take over the grocery store down the street or own the means of production, but I do believe that the middle class and the working families who produce the wealth of America deserve a decent standard of living and that their incomes should go up, not down. I do believe in private companies that thrive and invest and grow in America, companies that create jobs here, rather than companies that are shutting down in America and increasing their profits by exploiting low-wage labor abroad.”
Based on his positions and votes throughout his career, many commentators consider his political platform based on tax-funded social benefits and not on social ownership of the means of production. Some have described Sanders’s political philosophy as “welfarism” or “social democracy” but not democratic socialism defined as “an attempt to create a property-free, socialist society.” Some members of various U.S. socialist parties and organizations have said that Sanders is a reformer of capitalism, not a socialist. Others distinguish among socialism, social democracy, and democratic socialism, and describe his philosophy as extending from such existing liberal programs in the U.S. as Social Security and Medicare, and more consistent with the social democracy found in much of Europe, especially the Nordic countries. Noam Chomsky and Thomas Frank have described Sanders as “a New Dealer.”[e] Other observers, such as Lane Kenworthy and Bhaskar Sunkara, suggest that his views are more closely related to those of social democrats.
Sanders views global warming as a serious problem, and advocates bold action to reverse its effects. He calls for substantial investment in infrastructure, with energy efficiency, sustainability, and job creation as prominent goals. He considers climate change the greatest threat to national security. He said that family planning can help fight climate change. He opposed the construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline on the grounds that, like the Keystone XL Pipeline, it “will have a significant impact on our climate.” In 2019, he announced his support for Green New Deal legislation, and joined Representatives Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez and Earl Blumenauer in proposing legislation that would declare climate change a national and international emergency.
Sanders focuses on economic issues such as income and wealth inequality, poverty, raising the minimum wage, universal healthcare, cancelling all student debt, making public colleges and universities tuition-free by taxing financial transactions, and expanding Social Security benefits by eliminating the cap on the payroll tax on all incomes above $250,000.
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